This decision has ensured the the net users get free and fair internet access.
Even though the telecoms offer the same mobile Internet transmission speeds for users of different unlimited data plans, the commission said that the actual speeds accessed by users would still be affected by a number of factors, including the number of people sharing a mobile phone base station at any given time, a person's cellphone specifications and the environment. They can not engage in practices such as blocking, slowing down or granting preferential speeds to any content.
Under this service providers will be prohibited from discriminating against Internet services and content by throttling, blocking or granting them higher speed access. "All IoTs (Internet of Things) will not come under the categories of net neutrality", she added.
Almost eight months after the Telecom Regulatory Authority expressed its explicit support for the policy of net neutrality, the Centre's department of telecommunication (DoT) approved the rules governing the same. TRAI head RS Sharma compared these services to ambulances, saying that they can legally disobey traffic rules or enjoy priority status to maintain service quality. Understanding the consequences of not having Net Neutrality, youths from colleges took a stand against the issue.
One crude example is DTH services - customers pay for channels that come in packages and can be customised or upgraded using higher subscription packages. This lead to the BBC calling India's internet policies "the world's most progressive policy on equal internet access for all". The new rules have stringent monetary penalties for breaching net neutrality norms, starting at INR 50,000 per violation per day and capped at INR 50 lakh depending on the gravity of the violation.
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Zero-rated platforms have also been blocked in India.
The reason why the government has estimated $100 billion of investment in the telecom sector is to provide the infrastructure that can satisfy aspirations of billions of Indians, said Aruna Sundararajan, telecom secretary.
The DoT will also frame a policy on net neutrality traffic management after getting recommendations from Trai on the subject.
The Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI) has, however, recommended that the government review traffic prioritisation policies in the country for 5G-enabled devices and applications.
Telecom companies can deliver their content without accessing the public internet on CDNs network. After a campaign The Logical Indian ran on social media that lasted for months, 70 Lakh responses were sent to TRAI in support of Net Neutrality.
In June 2018, the FCC's decision to overturn net neutrality protections went into effect, giving ISPs in the United States leeway to block, throttle and prioritise websites and content.