Syphilis and gonorrhoea on the rise

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Public Health England has reported a 20 percent increase in cases of syphilis and a 22 percent rise in cases of gonorrhea in 2017.

Treponema pallidum Syphilis bacterium, the bacterium responsible for the risky sexually transmitted infection syphilis.

Many suggest that the current outbreak of STIs can be traced to budget cuts on health services.

The report warned that the 44,676 diagnoses of gonorrhoea in 2017 was of "concern given the recent emergence of extensively drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae".

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are bacterial infections, and many people who contract them do not experience symptoms, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Hughes also stated that STI's can cause a serious health problem for those who are infected as it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and danger to unborn babies.

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that progresses through four stages of infection, each producing different symptoms.

Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can be life threatening and damage your brain, heart and nervous system and gonorrhoea can make you infertile.

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All three STIs can be treated and cured with antibiotics.

"Additionally, the first detected case of extensively drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae with resistance to ceftriaxone and high-level resistance to azithromycin, the two antibiotics used as front-line dual therapy, was detected in the United Kingdom in March 2018".

Chlamydia is still the most prevalent of the STIs, with more than 200,000 cases last year, accounting for 48 percent of all new diagnoses in the last year.

The majority of these cases are in men, where figures have increased sharply from 135 in 2016 to 170 in 2017.

Syphilis and gonorrhoea have increased by 20 per cent in the previous year and this is from a rise in unprotected sex.

Both syphilis and gonorrhea are transmitted through sexual contact. The difference is likely because the population is younger on average, Landers said. Highest incidence is seen among adults aged between 25 and 34 years and they were one third of all the cases. "Gonorrhea shows the highest concentration in Salem and south of Salem, which may be a function of correctional institution concentration". Condom and barrier-based safe sex practices have become less common as people's fear of HIV declines, resulting in an increase in other STIs.

To avoid STI, doctors are encouraging sexually active individuals to use protection.

Landers said that internet hookups pose a particularly hard challenge for health care providers identifying and treating STIs.

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