Reported Sexually Transmitted Diseases Reach a New High in California

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More than 300,000 cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and early syphilis were diagnosed in California in 2017- a 45% increase in just 5 years.

The California Department of Public Health revealed in a report released on Monday a dramatic increase in sexually transmitted diseases in the Golden State.

Therefore, in order to educate people and spread awareness about the alarming risks of STD, the health officials are now working with schools, community groups as well as youth organisations across California.

Rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea are highest in people ue younger than 30-year-old.

If chlamydia and gonorrhoea are left untreated then it can result in infertility, chorionic pelvic pain and ectopic pregnancy. Syphilis may also cause neurological problems, as well as permanent loss of vision and hearing.

In California, chlamydia rates among women were 60 percent higher than among males, and 54 percent of cases were in people under the age of 25.

In 2017 there were 30 stillbirths due to congenital syphilis, with a total of 278 congenital syphilis cases.

In California, 75,450 gonorrhea cases were reported in 2017, marking it the highest number since 1988.

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In Washington, federal and state funds provide $3.2 million per year for STD prevention, monitoring and control from 2017 to 2019.

Bauer also suggested the rise in STDs may be a symptom of more general problems in areas such as the economically hard-hit San Joaquin Valley where people are struggling with poverty, substance abuse, mental health issues and homelessness. That could be a lingering effect of the 2008 financial crisis, when the state budget slashed public health funding.

Klausner said that sexual health - and money for education about sexual health - isn't something people like to talk about. Someone who depended on public clinics for STD screening and treatment may not want to discuss it with their doctor, or may not have a doctor at all, she said.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea rates among African-Americans were almost five times higher than caucasians, CDPH found. African-Americans reported more than twice the rate for early syphilis than caucasians.

Several factors contribute to increases in infection rates.

"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith in a statement.

When it comes to gonorrhea, Kern is fourth in the state with 2,265 reported cases.

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