The criminal investigation team "has concluded that the Buk Telar with which Flight MH17 was shot down is from the 53rd anti-aircraft missile brigade from Kursk in the Russian Federation", said Wilbert Paulissen, head of the Netherlands' National Crime Squad, referring to the missile system used.
The Boeing-777 passenger plane operated by Malaysian Airlines crashed on July 17, 2014, en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur in the east of the Donetsk region.
Russian officials, who have since the plane went down put out a raft of theories to shift the blame to Ukraine, began pushing back against the allegation nearly immediately.
He deplored the downing of MH17 as a "terrible tragedy" and alleged the Ukrainian military's involvement.
"Ivannikov also supervised the procurement and transport of weapons across the Russia-Ukraine border", Bellingcat said.
Silene Fredriksz-Hoogzand, whose son Bryce and his girlfriend were on board the flight, called the investigation's findings an important step forward and the decision to hold Russian Federation responsible "two steps forward".
The accusations followed worldwide investigators' announcement Thursday that the missile system that downed the plane was whisked into Ukraine from a Russian military unit.
Germany is backing calls for the suspected perpetrators of the shooting down of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 to be held to account.
A team of global investigators this week blamed a Russian military unit operating in Ukraine for the crime.
Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17: Russian Missile, Military Unit That Shot Down Plane Killing 298 Is Revealed
We were prepared to call Shvytkin's claim "false."But about two hours after publishing the piece, RIA Novosti added a disclaimer to the story which said that the "commentary was nullified due to an incorrect translation from initial news reports", along with an apology to the readers". Bellingcat said Ivannikov, operating under an alias, was responsible for the transfer of Russian weaponry into eastern Ukraine during 2014.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union and "the division of military material", Ukraine which possessed some 20 BUK anti-aircraft systems has "not had one new missile delivered", the Russian defence ministry said. It said the Russian military decommissioned all missiles of that type in 2011.
An worldwide team of investigators confirm that a Russian Buk missile brought down Malaysia Airlines Flight 17.
The statement added, however, that holding a nation state responsible for a breach of worldwide law would involve "a complex legal process". The global community has witnessed this irresponsible and destabilising pattern of behaviour in Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea, in its fomenting of conflict in eastern Ukraine which has led to the death of over 10,300 people, and in its shielding of President Assad's brutal regime as he uses chemical weapons against his own people.
Russia's President Vladimir Putin has responded to the accusations made by the investigation team saying, "To acknowledge what is written there [in the Dutch report] we need to fully participate in the investigation".
The 2014 resolution was sponsored by Australia - which suffered one of the largest losses of life on the flight - and expressed support for the worldwide investigation efforts, as well as calling on all United Nations member states "to provide any requested assistance to civil and criminal investigations". He also charged that Ukraine contributed to the tragedy by failing to ban civilian air traffic over the war zone.
The missile that killed 298 people flying above eastern Ukraine in 2014 was from a Russian brigade, Dutch investigators confirmed for the first time today.
Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Friday he had been informed by his Dutch counterpart Stef Blok that "they have practically no doubt that the BUK came from Russian Federation".
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